Scientific Publications Database

Article Title: Positive Airway Pressure Usage in Youth with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Following Transition to Adult Health Care
Authors: Narang, Indra; Kendzerska, Tetyana; Heffernan, Austin; Malik, Uzair; Carvalho, Carolina G.; Ryan, Clodagh M.
Date of Publication:2022
Background: There is increasing prevalence of moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in adolescents, the majority of whom receive treatment with positive airway pressure (PAP). Adherence to PAP is sub-optimal in adolescents with OSA. Moreover, the impact of transition from pediatric to adult healthcare system on PAP adherence is unknown. This is relevant as the transition period is a time of increased stress for youth with chronic illnesses. Research Question: Does PAP adherence decrease during the 1-year transition period from pediatric to adult healthcare system in those with OSA? Study Design and Methods: Youth previously diagnosed with persistent OSA and treated with PAP in a large academic center (Toronto, Canada) between 2017 and 2019 were enrolled on transfer from the pediatric to adult sleep clinic and followed at 12 months. Mixed-effects linear regression models were used to investigate the effect of time since the transfer on objective PAP adherence with adjustment for confounders. Results: Among the 45 enrolled participants, 42.2% were female, the median age was 18 years (interquartile range [IQR]: 17-18), median BMI was 30.3 (IQR: 24.0-37.1), and the median apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) was 17.8 events/hour (11.8-30.7). In univariate analysis, we observed a significant reduction in the 12-month average PAP usage in days used at follow-up compared to PAP use at the time of enrolment: median of 5.0 hours/day (IQR: 1.3-8.0) vs 2.6 hours/day (0.0-6.4), p < 0.0001. Following adjustment for age, level of education, employment status and living arrangement, the 12-month average PAP usage in days remained significantly decreased at follow-up compared to at the time of enrolment: change in hours of -1.14; 95% CI -2.27 to -0.01. Interpretation: Among youth with OSA treated with PAP, there is a clinically significant reduction in PAP adherence over the first year during the transition from pediatric to adult health care.