Scientific Publications Database

Article Title: Association of antibiotic allergy labels with hospital length of stay
Authors: Lanoue, Derek; van Walraven, Carl
Date of Publication:2022
Background: Many antibiotic allergy labels (AAL) are invalid. Excluding true allergy in people with AAL (delabeling) could improve health outcomes and decrease costs. Several studies with limited covariate adjustment have associated AAL with a prolonged hospital length of stay (LOS).Objective: This study determined whether AAL's association with LOS persisted after extensive adjustment for potential confounders and covariates.Methods: All nonpsychiatric admissions to a tertiary care teaching hospital from 2012 to 2015 were included. Generalized estimating equation methods were used to model the daily discharge likelihood as a function of AAL and other important factors (death risk score, daily discharge score, daily severity of illness score, antibiotic use, hospital day and location, weekend-holiday status, and service).Results: A total of 111,611 admissions (76,460 patients) were studied, in which 16,489 (14.8%) had recorded AAL. Patients with an AAL had a notably greater disease burden: they were older and had more comorbidities, greater health system utilization, and higher death risk. In the univariate analysis, AAL was associated with a significantly decreased daily discharge likelihood (odds ratio [OR], 0.93; [95% confidence interval, 0.90-0.95]). After adjustment for potential confounders and covariates, AAL was not associated with daily discharge likelihood (adjusted OR [aOR] without antibiotics: 1.00 [0.98-1.03]; aOR with antibiotics: 1.02 [0.99-1.04]). Similar results were also seen with penicillin AAL (aOR without antibiotics: 0.99 [0.95-1.02]; aOR with antibiotics: 1.00 [0.961.03]).Conclusion: Antibiotic allergy label was strongly associated with a greater disease burden. After adjusting for important covariates, our analysis found no significant association between AAL and hospital LOS. (C) 2022 American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.