Ian D Graham, PhD, FCAHS

Telephone: 613-737-8899 x73851
Fax: 613-739-6938

Senior Scientist, Clinical Epidemiology, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute

Dr. Ian Graham is Senior Scientist in the Clinical Epidemiology Program of the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute and Professor in the department of Epidemiology & Community Medicine, of the University of Ottawa. He is an adjunct associate professor in the School of Nursing at Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario.

From 2006-20012 he was on an interchange with the Canadian Institutes of Health Research where he held the position of Vice-President of the Knowledge Translation and Public Outreach. During his tenure at CIHR, he was responsible for the Evaluation, Analysis and Impact Branch (2006-2009), Knowledge Translation Branch (2006-2012), Partnerships and Citizen Engagement Branch (2006-2012), Communication and Public Outreach Branch (2009-2012), and Pan-institute Affairs and Initiatives Branch (2009-2012).

Dr. Graham obtained a B.A (1st Class Honours) in sociology from McGill University, an M.A. in sociology from the University of Victoria, and a Ph.D. in medical sociology from McGill University. He had a postdoctoral fellowship at the Clinical Epidemiology Unit of the Loeb Research Institute (now OHRI) 

His research has largely focused on knowledge translation (the process of research use) and conducting applied research on strategies to increase implementation of research findings and evidence-based practice. He has advanced KT science though the developed two planned action models, the Ottawa Model of Research Use and the Knowledge to Action Model.

Specific research projects have related to the adaptation, implementation, and quality appraisal of clinical practice guidelines, as well as the uptake of guidelines and decision support tools by practitioners. He has also advanced understanding of local guideline adaptation through the development of the Practice Guideline Evaluation and Adaptation Cycle and the ADAPTE Collaboration. More recently he has focused attention on studying KT activities of research funding agencies and researchers as well as the impact of research and KT.

He has published over 200 peer reviewed articles and is co-editor of Knowledge Translation in Health Care (2009) and Evaluating the Impact of Implementing Evidence-based Practice (2010). In 2011 he was inducted as a Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences.

Major Awards/Affiliations
2012                 The Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal
2011                 Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences
2003-2004         Young Researcher Award, University of Ottawa, Faculty of Health Sciences
2003                 The Queen's Golden Jubilee Medal
1999-2005         Medical Research Council of Canada Scholar/CIHR New Investigator
1999-2000         Medical Research Council of Canada Research Allowance

Current Funding

2012-2013 Knowledge Translation, Citizen Engagement and Research Impact
Funding: $150,000 CIHR

Selected Publications

Institute of Medicine. A Review of NASA Human Research Program’s Scientific Merit Assessment Process. Letter Report. Washing DC: The National Academies Press. 2012 (panel member).

Rivard JC, O’Connell ME, WEgman DH. (eds) and Committee on the External Evaluating of NIDRR and Its Grantees (ID Graham). Review of Disability and Rehabilitation Research; NIDRR Grantmaking Processes and Products. Washington, DC: National Research Council 2012. http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=13285

Bick D, Graham ID. (Eds). Evaluating the Impact of Implementing Evidence-based Practice. Wiley Blackwell:  Oxford, 2010

Straus S, Tetroe J, Graham ID (eds). Knowledge Translation in Health Care. Moving From Evidence to Practice. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell 2009.

Non referred chapters in books
Bick D, Graham ID, The importance of addressing outcomes of evidence-based practice. (Chapter 1). In Bick D, Graham ID. (Eds). Evaluating the Impact of Implementing Evidence-based Practice. Wiley Blackwell:  Oxford, 2010

Graham ID, Bick D, Tetroe J, Straus S, Harrison MB. Measuring outcomes of evidence-based practice: Distinguishing between knowledge use and its impact. (Chapter 2). In Bick D, Graham ID. (Eds). Evaluating the Impact of Implementing Evidence-based Practice. Wiley Blackwell:  Oxford, 2010

Bick D, Graham ID. Outcomes of implementation that matter to health service users. (Chapter 7). In Bick D, Graham ID. (Eds). Evaluating the Impact of Implementing Evidence-based Practice. Wiley Blackwell:  Oxford, 2010

*Godfrey CM, Harrison MB, Graham ID. A review of the use of outcome measures of evidence-based practice in guideline implementation studies in Nursing, Allied Health Professions and Medicine. (Chapter 10). In Bick D, Graham ID. (Eds). Evaluating the Impact of Implementing Evidence-based Practice. Wiley Blackwell:  Oxford, 2010

Logan J, Graham ID. The Ottawa model of research use. (Chapter 4). In Rycroft-Malone J, Bucknell T. Models and Frameworks for implementing Evidence-based Practice: Linking Evidence to Action. Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, 2010

Graham ID, Tetroe J. The Knowledge to Action Framework. (Chapter 10). In Rycroft-Malone J, Bucknell T. Models and Frameworks for implementing Evidence-based Practice: Linking Evidence to Action. Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, 2010

Harrison MB, Graham ID, Fervres B. The Knowledge to Action Cycle: Adapting Knowledge to a Local Context (chapter 3.3), p73-82. Knowledge Translation in Health Care. Moving From Evidence to Practice. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009

Graham ID, Harrison MB, Cerniuk B, Bauer S.  A Community-Researcher Alliance to Improve Chronic Wound Care.  (p 37-41)  In Evidence in Action, Acting on Evidence:  A casebook of health services and policy research knowledge translation stories.  Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) 2006. http://www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca/e/29489.html http://www.longwoods.com/home.php?cat=140

Peer reviewed publications

Harrison MB, Graham ID. Roadmap for a Participatory Research-Practice Partnership to Implement Evidence. Worldviews Evid Based Nurs. 2012 Jun 4. (CoPA)

*Gifford WA, Davies BL, Graham ID, Tourangeau A, Woodend AK, Lefebre N. Developing Leadership Capacity for Guideline Use: A Pilot Cluster Randomized Control Trial. Worldviews Evid Based Nurs. 2012 May 30.
Bayley MT, *Hurdowar A, Richards CL, Korner-Bitensky N, Wood-Dauphinee S, Eng JJ, McKay-Lyons M, Harrison E, Teasell R, Harrison M, Graham ID. Barriers to implementation of stroke rehabilitation evidence: findings from a multi-site pilot project. Disabil Rehabil. 2012 May 28. (SA)

*Dogherty EJ, Harrison MB, Baker C, Graham IDFollowing a natural experiment of guideline adaptation and early implementation: a mixed-methods study of facilitation. Implement Sci. 2012 Feb 6;7(1):9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22309743

Légaré F, *Turcotte S, Stacey D, *Ratté S, *Kryworuchko J, Graham ID. Patients' perceptions of sharing in decisions: a systematic review of interventions to enhance shared decision making in routine clinical practice. Patient. 2012;5(1):1-19.

Brouwers MC, *Kho ME, Browman GP, Burgers JS, Cluzeau F, Feder G, Fervers B, Graham ID, Grimshaw J, Hanna SE, Littlejohns P, Makarski J, Zitzelsberger L; AGREE Next Steps Consortium. The Global Rating Scale complements the AGREE II in advancing the quality of practice guidelines. J Clin Epidemiol. 2012 65(5):526-34

Tetroe JM, Graham ID, Scott V. What does it mean to transform knowledge into action in falls prevention research? Perspectives from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research. J Safety Res. 2011 Dec;42(6):423-6.

Harrison MB, Vandenkerkhof EG, Hopman WM, Graham ID, Carley ME, Nelson EA; the Canadian Bandaging Trial Group. The Canadian Bandaging Trial: Evidence-informed leg ulcer care and the effectiveness of two compression technologies. BMC Nurs. 2011 Oct 13;10(1):20. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21995267

Straus SE, Tetroe JM, Graham ID. Knowledge translation is the use of knowledge in health care decision making. J Clin Epidemiol. 2011 Jan;64(1):6-10. Review (co-PA)
*Doumit G, Wright FC, Graham ID, Smith A, Grimshaw J. Opinion leaders and changes over time: a survey. Implement Sci. 2011 Oct 11;6:117. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21988924

Harrison MB, Vandenkerkhof E, Hopman WM, Graham ID, *Lorimer K, Carley M. Evidence-informed Leg Ulcer Care: A Cohort Study Comparing Outcomes of Individuals Choosing Nurse-led Clinic or Home Care.Ostomy Wound Manage. 2011 Aug;57(8):38-45.

Carroll JC, Wilson BJ, Allanson J, Grimshaw J, Blaine SM, Meschino WS, Permaul JA, Graham ID. GenetiKit: a randomized controlled trial to enhance delivery of genetics services by family physicians. Fam Pract. 2011 Dec;28(6):615-23

*Légaré F, Stacey D, Pouliot S, Gauvin FP, Desroches S, *Kryworuchko J, *Dunn S, Elwyn G, Frosch D, Gagnon MP, Harrison MB, Pluye P, Graham ID. Interprofessionalism and shared decision-making in primary care: a stepwise approach towards a new model. J Interprof Care. 2011 Jan;25(1):18-25. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3018136/?tool=pubmed

Fervers B, Burgers JS, Voellinger R, Brouwers M, Browman GP, Graham ID, Harrison MB, Latreille J, Mlika-Cabane N, Paquet L, Zitzelsberger L, Burnand B; The ADAPTE Collaboration*. Guideline adaptation: an approach to enhance efficiency in guideline development and improve utilisation. Qual Saf Health Care. 2011 Mar;20(3):228-236.  

Lavis JN, Wilson MG, Grimshaw JM, Haynes RB, *Ouimet M, Raina P, Gruen RL, Graham ID. Supporting the use of health technology assessments in policy making about health systems. Int J Technol Assess Health Care. 2010 Oct;26(4):405-14.

Bennett C, Khangura S, Brehaut JC, Graham ID, Moher D, *Potter BK, Grimshaw JM. Reporting guidelines for survey research: an analysis of published guidance and reporting practices. PLoS Med. 2010 Aug;8(8) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21829330

Driedger SM, Kothari A, Graham ID, Cooper E, Crighton EJ, Zahab M, Morrison J, Sawada M. If you build it, they still may not come: outcomes and process of implementing a community-based integrated knowledge translation mapping innovation. Implement Sci. 2010 Jun 16;5:47. (SA) http://www.implementationscience.com/content/5/1/47

Venuta R, Graham ID. Involving citizens and patients in health research.  J Ambul Care Manage. 2010 Jul-Sep;33(3):215-22. (Co-PA)

*Dogherty EJ, Harrison MB, Graham ID. Facilitation as a role and process in achieving evidence-based practice in nursing: a focused review of concept and meaning. Worldviews Evid Based Nurs. 2010 Jun 1;7(2):76-89. Epub 2010 Feb 19.

*Scott SD, Osmond MH, O'Leary KA, Graham ID, Grimshaw J, Klassen T; Pediatric Emergency Research Canada (PERC) MDI/spacer Study Group. Barriers and supports to implementation of MDI/spacer use in nine Canadian pediatric emergency departments: a qualitative study. Implement Sci. 2009 Oct 13;4:65. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2766417/?tool=pubmed

*Kryworuchko J, Stacey D, Bai N, Graham ID. Twelve years of clinical practice guideline development, dissemination and evaluation in Canada (1994 to 2005). Implement Sci. 2009 Aug 5;4:49. (SA) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2731072/?tool=pubmed

*Adily A, Black D, Graham ID, Ward JE. Research engagement and outcomes in public health and health services research in Australia. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2009 Jun;33(3):258-61.

*Li LC, Grimshaw JM, Nielsen C, *Judd M, Coyte PC, Graham ID. Use of communities of practice in business and health care sectors: a systematic review. Implement Sci. 2009 May 17;4:27. (SA) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2694761/?tool=pubmed

Stacey D, Higuchi KA, *Menard P, Davies B, Graham ID, O'Connor AM. Integrating patient decision support in an undergraduate nursing curriculum: an implementation project. Int J Nurs Educ Scholarsh. 2009;6(1):1-18. Article10.

Graham ID, Tetroe JM . Getting evidence into policy and practice: perspectives of a health funder. J Can Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2009 Feb;18(1):46-50.  (PA)

Harrison MB, Graham ID, *Lorimer K, Vandenkerkhof E, Buchanan M, Wells PS, Brandys T, Pierscianowski T. Nurse clinic versus home delivery of evidence-based community leg ulcer are: a randomized health services trial. BMC Health Serv Res. 2008 Nov 26;8:243. (CO-PA) http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/8/243

*Légaré F, *Ratté S, *Gravel K, Graham ID. Barriers and facilitators to implementing shared decision-making in clinical practice: Update of a systematic review of health professionals' perceptions. Patient Educ Couns. 2008 Dec;73(3):526-35. (SA)

Straus SE, Graham ID, Taylor M, Lockyer J.  Development of a mentorship strategy: a knowledge translation case study. J Contin Educ Health Prof. 2008 Summer;28(3):117-22.

Lindsay P, Bayley M, McDonald A, Graham ID, Warner G, Phillips S. Toward a more effective approach to stroke: Canadian Best Practice Recommendations for Stroke Care. CMAJ. 2008 May 20;178(11):1418-25. Review. Erratum in: CMAJ. 2008 Jul 1;179(1):56. http://www.cmaj.ca/cgi/content/full/178/11/1418

Tetroe JM, Graham ID, Foy R, *Robinson N, Eccles MP, Wensing M, Durieux P, *Légaré F, Nielson CP, *Adily A, Ward JE, *Porter C, Shea B, Grimshaw JM. Health research funding agencies' support and promotion of knowledge translation: an international study. Milbank Q. 2008 Mar;86(1):125-55. (SA)

Cordero C, Delino R, Jeyaseelan L, Lansang MA, Lozano JM, Kumar S, Moreno S, Pietersen M, Quirino J, Thamlikitkul V, Welch VA, Tetroe J, Ter Kuile A, Graham ID, Grimshaw J, Neufeld V, Wells G, Tugwell P. Funding agencies in low- and middle-income countries: support for knowledge translation. Bull World Health Organ. 2008 Jul;86(7):524-34.  http://www.scielosp.org/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0042-96862008000700012&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en

Graham ID, Tetroe J; KT Theories Research Group. Some theoretical underpinnings of knowledge translation. Acad Emerg Med. 2007 Nov;14(11):936-41. (PA)

Graham ID, Tetroe J. Whither knowledge translation: an international research agenda. Nurs Res. 2007 Jul-Aug;56(4 Suppl):S86-8. (CoPA)

Graham ID, Tetroe J. How to translate health research knowledge into effective healthcare action. Healthc Q. 2007;10(3):20-2. (PA)

*Gravel K, *Legare F, Graham ID.  Barriers and facilitators to implementing shared decision-making in clinical practice:  a systematic review of health professionals’ perceptions.  Implementation Science 2006;1:16 (Aug). (SA) http://www.implementationscience.com/content/1/1/16. (considered highly accessed- accessed 9098 times as of March 17, 2009)

Graham ID, *Jette N, Tetroe J, Robinson N, Milne S, Mitchell SL.  Oral Cobalamin Remains Medicine’s Best Kept Secret.  Archives of Gerontology & Geriatrics, 2006, April 29 (PA)

Graham ID, Logan J, Harrison MB, Straus SE, Tetro J, Caswell W, *Robinson N.  Lost in knowledge translation:  Time for a map?  J Contin Educ Health Prof. 2006 Winter;26(1):13-24. (PA) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/chp.47/pdf